Bed bugs are tiny little monsters – that’s enough to keep us awake at night!
Quietly living within the bed sheets, in pillowcase, carpets, blankets, mattresses and any upholstery, these almost invisible pests love to bite precious human skin and leave natural anesthetics in the bite wound.
They feed on human blood and they can go on up to twenty long minutes. They then crawl back to the place whence they came to reproduce.
Chemically Equipped Bed Bugs
Bugs that are hiding in your sheets are not just plain creepy, but they also pack a punch. Their saliva has some pain killing chemicals but as soon as it wears off, you will feel tingling and itching around the bite area.
The tingling and the itching are caused by a combination of toxic chemicals excreted by the bed bugs as part of their feeding process.
A chemical called nitrophyrin is one of the first chemicals bed bugs secrete. What is does is it dilates the skin’s blood vessels and fill them with blood. After that, the enzyme apyrase is released by the bug. That particular enzyme prevents the blood vessels from regenerating the site in the skin where it bit.
More interestingly, these organisms are able to produce antimicrobial agents of their own, defending themselves from possible infections from you, the host. Ironically, these unwanted insects can transfer up to 50 varying types of microorganisms that may cause diseases to the host.
Bed bug bites usually result to a lot of itching. In some victims, unpleasant allergic reactions occur and the area around the bite usually turns dark with purple coloring on the surface of the skin.
In some extreme cases, bites cause hemolytic anemia, where red blood cells are broken down. A lot of cases of allergic reactions and complications have been found to be unexpectedly caused by bed bug bites.
Bed bug bites do not only cause allergies, as these tiny insects can become carriers of Salmonella, Hepa B, Hepa C, Hepa E, and other serious diseases.
Who’s That Bug
Bed bugs are from the family of aphids and cicadas. When these bugs become adults, they appear as 3mm oval shaped, reddish-brown crawlers. Bed bugs have wings but can’t actually fly. They have six legs and their heads have very sharp pincers, designed primarily for sucking blood.
Bed bugs also have this clever skill when they get threatened or get excited. They release a uniquely sweet smell, which humans can’t smell with only a few bugs.
The bite of one or a few bugs is often not noticeable. A family of bugs biting you, however, would definitely be felt.
Bed bugs don’t live exclusively in beds. They are almost everywhere, especially if your home has become infested. They can be in buses, in your car, just about anywhere.
Bed bug bites are usually an in-line pattern because they feed in-line, usually in groups of three.
Bed bugs feed in a “breakfast, lunch, and dinner” pattern. Usually the bites occur in a line running up or across an arm or leg.
The Need to Control
Bed bugs can’t be ignored, they need to be controlled. It’s not only the bites and the marks they leave, the presence of bed bugs can lead to several, more terrifying complications that may include allergies, asthma, anemia, food poisoning, Hepatitis, Lyme disease, Q fever, and many more.